What’s a little confusing is that lyocell fabric is mainly known under the brand name Tencel. Tencel® is the patented name of the fibre by the Austrian manufacturer Lenzing. For the Tencel brand, the wood for making a lyocell fabric is sourced from specially managed, sustainable forests in South Africa. Tencel / lyocell can be washed at 30 degrees. Clothing from Tencel can feel stiff after washing, as soon as the fabric dries it becomes soft again.
Lyocell is a man-made fibre on a natural basis. This means that the fibre is man-made from natural material. The fabric lyocell is made of wood chips from the eucalyptus tree. Yarns are spun from wood pulp and then fabrics are woven. Lyocell is the sustainable alternative to viscose, which is also made from wood. This is because the processing of lyocell is much less harmful to the environment and this is due to the ‘closed-loop’ system. This means that approximately 99% of the non-chemical solvent and the water used for production is collected and reused again. The fabric lyocell is just as soft and supple as silk and has a luxurious appearance. An advantage is that the price of lyocell clothing is a lot lower than silk. Lyocell is also very strong, stays beautiful for a long time and dries quickly.
All of the above fabrics are biodegradable and do not make plastic soup. Synthetic fabrics such as acrylic, bioplastic, elastane, polyamide, polyester and PVC do. For example, wash clothes with these fabrics in a Guppyfriend laundry bag so that these fibres do not end up in the oceans.